Te_41Te_41a

Te_41b

HMA/TE/TIB/41

Date: Wood Dragon year, 7th month, 10th day, Sunday (1844? 1904?)
Lines: 13
Script: 10 lines in tshugs, 3 lines in ’khyug

Transliteration

  1. skags [a ma]l ska rtsar [drung] bdu | pher sta bha sde [3S] bdon la | tshugs [1S]
  2. tshes ring | nam mkha (bkra shi) ’du li mi ngo gsum nas | ngos bsted (phun tshogs) tshes ring gtso’i mi ngo
  3. dgu ming bdu bka’ [kham] phul lan | kho bo’i bha rdi nang ’khod | lug khal rgyu nor ’phrogs bcom
  4. zer ba dang | khyi bsad | mi la brdung bzhur ’byas ’byung zer pa dang | ma zad brtab shil nang
  5. rgyu nor che chung gang rigs bzhigs | ngos ’phyogs nas smigs mthong lags ’dzin ’khur khyer brdung b[zh]u[r]
  6. khyi bsad | ’phrogs bcom byas pa gang yang med bzhin | hang song pha rib {1S} bha dhi phul nas
  7. gdug po btang mi phyogs bas | bka’ ’khrim yod rten la | ’dzun stong zog lab gi dgong
  8. bka’ ’khrim nas ngos snam la gdug po med pa (mkhyen mkhyen) | dgong rtam bden pa ma rtog ’dzun pa
  9. med bzhin dzun du song na | dben srol gang snang men mi bzhu pa dgong ming rnam kyi lags
  10. bskor spyi yi rtags X | shing ’brugs zla ba 7 ba’i tshes 10 res za’ 1 nyin phul |
  11. bha stis la yod pa’i phya spang la ngos ’dro rtsis med bas yin
  12. skyang gong ska khrim nas phya nas yong gsung phan ’de la skyang man
  13. man mi zhu zhus pa dang ||

Summary
This is a formal response (l. 1 pher ste bha sti < Nep. phirti bādi) by nine people of Te, led by Phun tshogs tshe ring, to an accusation submitted to the government office (a mal < Nep. amāl) in Kag by three Tshugpas, Tshe ring, Nam mkha’ bkra shis and Du li. The Tepas emphatically deny the accusation that they stole the loads carried by the Tshugpas’ sheep and seized the property that has been listed (l. 4 brtab shil < Nep. tapsil), killed their dog and beat up (l. 4 bzhur < SMT zhur < gzhu) the people. The accusers have submitted a completely distorted (hang song) accusation (pha rib < Nep. pharep)
Formal response, addressed to the Kag court (skags [a ma?]l ska rtsar), to an accusation. Nine Tepas emphatically deny the charge, brought by three Tshugpas, that they stole the loads carried by their sheep and other property, killed the dog and beat up the people. The witness produced by the Tshugpas is a liar.

Commentary
This document and the preceding item clearly relate to the same case. Nine Tepas have been accused of attacking a small party of Tshugpas, stealing their belongings and killing their dog. While the details of the accusation and the proximity of the dates leave us in no doubt that they refer to the same episode, the legal character of these two documents is different. HMA/Te/Tib/40 is a letter of complaint (Nep. phirād patra) against the fact that the Tshugpas have submitted a legal petition against them; the present document, by contrast, is a formal denial (Nep. phirti bādi, lit. ‘counter-petition’) of the content of the accusation.